Essays

Rules of Engagement for Social Media Influence Operations

A proposal for a voluntary code of ethics for civilians conducting information operations....

Read

To Defuse disinformation, Use aggressive, transparent Journalism

The first step is to end the hold disinformation has on our lives and join the real world, made up of real facts and real events, in which real people are living — and dying. ...

Read

Responding to disinformation should not trample on human rights

From France, to Australia, and back to the United States, there is a growing popular consensus that the spread of misinformation and disinformation online, whether through platforms or apps, has significant real-world impact. To address the problem we need to leave behind grand “solutions” that will interfere with human rights and instead focus on discrete shifts in law and policy that tackle the underlying causes instead of the symptoms. To ...

Read

Disinformation, Democracy, and the Rule of Law

Defending against disinformation will require a strategy to fortify America’s social fabric with shared civic values that can serve as a prophylactic against future attacks....

Read

Henry Farrell and Bruce Schneier

Professor & Technologist

"The perception of security is at least as important as the reality of security, and any defenses against information attacks need to address both."

Claire Wardle

Chair of First Draft News

"There is little we can do to prevent people creating or publishing disinformation. But those of us who use social media can take action to slow down its spread by becoming more aware of what we share."

Reneé DiResta

Policy Director, Data for Democracy

"2018 was the year of exposing and quantifying manipulation in its various forms. 2019 has to be the year that we take significant steps to mitigate the systemic problems that enable it."