Explore expertly curated reports and other resources to learn more about the history of fake news and disinformation, how it's impacting the world today, and how we can fight back.


Report: “The Future of Truth and Misinformation Online,” Pew Research Center

White Paper: “The Disinformation Report by New Knowledge

Report: The “Internet Research Agency (IRA) and Political Polarization,” by the Computational Propaganda Project at Oxford University & Graphika

Handbook: On Journalism and Disinformation,” by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

Guide: The History of Fake News & Disinformation,” by the International Center for Journalists

White Paper: How Google Fights Misinformation, Google Blog

Report: “Weapons of Mass Distraction: Foreign State-Sponsored Disinformation in the Digital Age,”  Park Group, funded by the U.S. State Department


Report: “Democracy Under Threat: Risks and Solutions in the Era of of Disinformation and Data Monopoly,” by the Standing Committee on Access to Information, Privacy and Ethics of the Canadian Parliament

Report: European Commission Proposes EU-wide Code of Practice

Report: “The Oxygen of Amplification: Better Practices for Reporting on Extremists, Antagonists, and Manipulators,” by Whitney Phillips, Data and Society

Report: “Principles and Policies to Counter Deceptive Digital Politics,” Maplight and Institute for the Future

Report: “Defending Democracy in the Cybersphere,” European Political Strategy Centre, European Commission

Report: Disinformation and ‘fake news’, Final Report, Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Committee of the UK Parliament